kilativ (kilativ) wrote,

О рабочих визах

New bipartisan legislation was introduced in the House of Representatives on Thursday.
It takes aim at two popular work visa programs used in the tech and the business world.
Called the H-1B and L-1 Visa Reform Act, the legislation is identical to the bill reintroduced by Senators Chuck Grassley and Dick Durbin in late January.
Lawmakers have been debating proposals to change the popular H-1B visa program for years, but the time for reform seems to be more ripe than ever under the Trump administration.
H-1B visas are in high demand, with three times more applications filed in 2016 than the annual limit of 85,000. But the program is flawed -- and how to fix it has been a highly contentious topic.
The proposed legislation would eliminate the lottery system in favor of a "preference system," created by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, so that foreign students educated in the U.S. get priority on visas. It would give a "leg up" to advanced degree holders, those being paid a high wage, and those with valuable skills.
In doing so, it aims to weed out foreign outsourcing firms, which exploit the system.
It will also require employers to make a "good faith effort" to recruit American workers over foreigners, as well as give the Departments of Homeland Security and Labor more authority to investigate fraud and abuse.
The proposal creates new restrictions for companies that have more than 50 employees. Under the new rules, they would not be able to hire more H-1B employees if 50% of their employees are already on H-1B and L-1s.
Representative Ro Khanna, a Democrat from California and one of cosponsors, told CNNTech that he's "cautiously optimistic" about the legislation passing, given the coalition behind it. As an Indian American, he stressed that the bill is not anti-Indian, but is rather meant to restore the original intent of the programs.
"There's a mood in the nation that wants to fix abuse," he said.
U.S. immigration data shows that 70% of all H-1B applications come from Indians.

Законодатели хотят реформировать выдачу рабочих виз, а то 70% получают индусы. Интересно, да? Вот так демпингуют на стоимость найма программистов. В принципе, в науке примерно такая же петрушка. Конгресмены хотят заставить нанимателей прилагать "Добросовестные усилия" для поиска американцев вместо иностранцев, прежде чем подавать прошение на выдачу рабочей визы. Как это будет контролироваться - я не понимаю. Всегда можно выставить такие требования к кандидату, что только конкретная персона полностью их удовлетворяет и не подкопаешься. Из любопытного: хотят прекратить выдавать рабочие визы компаниям с 50 работниками и больше, если у них и так работает 50% держателей рабочих виз. Из полезного: визы хотят выдавать в первую очередь студентам, которые получили образование в США, а так же отдавать приоритет людям с более высоким уровнем образования или с уникальным набором умений, то есть ученым - только у нас PhD (наиболее продвинутая степень образования) и у большинства набор уникальных умений.

Tags: Америка, экономика, эмигранты

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