November 7th, 2011


А между тем

Даниэль Ортега избран в третий раз президентом Никарагуа с 62% голосов за. Отрадно, что при его руководстве нет никаких марксистских перегибов, но при этом проводится социалистическая политика. Никарагуа продемонстрировало 4% рост ВВП в прошлом году.

Деградация как она есть

Все больше напоминает поздний СССР. До жути. И это меня НЕ РАДУЕТ (как могут подумать некоторые).
The paved roads that finally brought rural America into the 20th century are starting to disappear across the Midwest in the 21st. Local officials, facing rising pavement prices, shrinking budgets and fewer residents, are making tough decisions to regress. In some places, they have even eliminated small stretches of gravel road altogether.

In states like South Dakota and Michigan, the reversions are bringing substantial changes to the landscape. Minnesota has managed to mostly escape so far, but at a conference in Shoreview last month some engineers acknowledged changes might be looming.

“In a way, this is a step backwards,” Otter Tail County Engineer Rick West told the group, as he kicked off the discussion about reverting to gravel. “But I think it’s reality.”

Michigan has changed more than 100 miles of pavement to gravel. After one road was torn up a year and a half ago, the County Road Association of Michigan bottled the millings and asphalt and sent them to state legislators as a message.

In North Dakota, a couple of stretches nearly 10 miles long have gone to gravel along with a sprinkling of smaller patches. County leaders are discussing more such changes, a transportation official there said.

South Dakota may hold the distinction of being the most torn-up state in the Midwest. A state transportation official estimated that 120 miles of pavement have been ground up or left to crumble back to gravel.

Many rural roads are deteriorating faster than they used to because farm and industrial equipment are heavier than ever. Meanwhile, the cost of pavement has risen dramatically in recent years. Some engineers estimate it costs up to $300,000 to replace a mile of paved road surface now. Gravel isn’t free, but it’s far less expensive.

With maintenance costs included, engineers have often used a rule of thumb that a road needs 150 to 200 cars a day, or the equivalent in heavy-weight traffic, to be worth paving.

Если коротко, сотни миль американских дорог приходят в негодность и деградируют, никто их ремонтировать не собирается в связи с дороговизной. При этом в Америке деревни не вымирают, население растет. "Здравствуй Катастройка, бля..."

Навел меня один подзамочный пост, так что не привожу первоисточник.