kilativ (kilativ) wrote,

Китайщина в Американской науке

Американский профессор (Boeke) из университета Джона Хопкинса устроил у себя потогонную фабрику, набрал в основном китайцев и требовал от них результатов. Ну, один из этих китайцев подделал данные, а второй китаец (американского происхождения) раскопал подделку. Кончилось это все тем, что американского китайца под конвоем выкинули с работы, сперва понизив в должности до постдока, а потом тот начал писать письма в Nature, в NIH и в прессу. Nature сперва игнорировала письма, но затем решили провести расследование и первому китайцу, который уже получил позицию у себя на Тайване, дали две недели на ответ. Он же, видимо прижатый к стенке, совершил самоубийство. Что интересно, NIH тут же закрыл расследование, так как основной подозреваемый умер, а профессору ВСЕ сошло с рук. На его защиту встал университет, редакторы журнала, чиновники. Профессор определенного ранга становится неподсуден за подделки! Впрочем, на научной карьере теперь он может поставить крест - спроводят втихую на пенсию лет через 5, когда ему просто перестанут давать гранты (во избежание дальнейших скандалов).
Кстати, с 1975 года количество сомнительных статей, которые были отозваны, увеличилось в процентном выражении в 10 раз. 67% из этих статей - подделки, не ошибки. Фотошоп rules!

Вот некоторые выдержки:
If the apparent suicide and Yuan’s detailed complaints provoked second thoughts about the Nature paper, though, there were scant signs of it.
The journal initially showed interest in publishing Yuan’s criticism and told him that a correction was “probably” going to be written, according to e-mail rec­ords. That was almost six months ago. The paper has not been corrected.
The university had already fired Yuan in December 2011, after 10 years at the lab. He had been raising questions about the research for years. He was escorted from his desk by two security guards.
More recently, a few weeks after a Washington Post reporter began asking questions, a university spokeswoman said that a correction had been submitted to Nature and that it was under review.
“Your questions will be addressed with that publication,” a spokeswoman for the Hopkins medical school, Kim Hoppe, wrote in an e-mail.
Neither the journal nor the university would disclose the nature of the correction.
Hoppe declined an opportunity to have university personnel sit for interviews.
In the meantime, the paper has been cited 11 times by other published papers building on the findings.

А вот это должно "понравиться" Стасу:
The trouble is that a delayed response — or none at all — leaves other scientists to build upon shaky work. Fang said he has talked to researchers who have lost months by relying on results that proved impossible to reproduce.
Moreover, as Marcus and Oransky have noted, much of the research is funded by taxpayers. Yet when retractions are done, they are done quietly and “live in obscurity,” meaning taxpayers are unlikely to find out that their money may have been wasted.
Johns Hopkins University typically receives more than $600 million a year from NIH, according to NIH figures.

Ну и про потогонность:
During Yuan’s time there, the lab received millions in NIH funding, and according to internal e-mails, the people in the lab were under pressure to show results. Yuan felt the pressure, too, he says, but as the point person for analyzing the statistical data emerging from the experiments, he felt compelled to raise his concerns.
As far back as 2007, as the group was developing the methodology that would eventually form the basis of the Nature paper, Yuan wrote an anguished e-mail to another senior member of the lab, Pamela Meluh.
“I continue to be in a state of chronic alarm,” he wrote in August 2007. “The denial that I am hearing from almost everyone in the group as a consensus is troubling to me.”
Meluh quickly wrote back: “I have the same level of concern as you in terms of data quality, but I have less basis to think it can be better. . . . I’m always torn between addressing your and my own concerns and being ‘productive.’ ”
Then Boeke weighed in, telling Yuan that if he could improve the data analysis, he should, but that “the clock is ticking.”
“NIH has already given us way more time than we thought we needed and at some point we’ve got to suck it up and run with what we have,” Boeke wrote to Meluh and Yuan.

Tags: наука
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